Racism of various forms is found in every country on Earth.In different countries, the forms that racism takes may be different for historic, cultural, religious, economic or demographic reasons.There are jackasses in every race and you shouldn't hate a whole group of people because one or a few screwed you over.Racism is widely condemned throughout the world
Racism and ethnic discrimination in the United States has been a major issue since the colonial era and the slave era. Legally sanctioned racism imposed a heavy burden on Native Americans, African Americans, Asian Americans, and Latin Americans. European Americans (particularly Anglo Americans) were privileged by law in matters of literacy, immigration, voting rights, citizenship, land acquisition, and criminal procedure over periods of time extending from the 17th century to the 1960s. Many non-Protestant European immigrant groups, particularly Jews, Irish people, and Italians, suffered xenophobic exclusion and other forms of discrimination in American society.
Major racially and ethnically-structured institutions included slavery, Indian Wars, Native American reservations, segregation, residential schools (for Native Americans), and internment camps. Formal racial discrimination was largely banned in the mid-20th century, and came to be perceived as socially unacceptable and/or morally repugnant as well, yet racial politics remain a major phenomenon. Historical racism continues to be reflected in socio-economic inequality, and has taken on more modern, indirect forms of expression, most prevalently symbolic racism. Racial stratification continues to occur in employment, housing, education, lending, and government.
Many people in the U.S. continue to have some prejudices against other races.In the view of the US Human Rights Network, a network of scores of US civil rights and human rights organizations, "Discrimination permeates all aspects of life in the United States, and extends to all communities of color".Discrimination against African Americans, Latin Americans, and Muslims is widely acknowledged. Members of every major American ethnic minority have perceived racism in their dealings with other minority groups.
According to the Japanese Constitution, all citizens are equally important regardless of ethnic identity. At least one native people-group (the Ainu) has been formally recognized by the Japanese government. However the country has no effective restrictions on xenophobic actions, and foreign nationals are sometimes restricted from certain services and activities.
In 2005, a United Nations report expressed concerns about racism in Japan and that government recognition of the depth of the problem was not total.The author of the report, Doudou Diène (Special Rapporteur of the UN Commission on Human Rights), concluded after a nine-day investigation that racial discrimination and xenophobia in Japan primarily affects three groups: national minorities, Latin Americans of Japanese descent, mainly Japanese Brazilians, and foreigners from "poor" countries.
Japan accepted just 16 refugees in 1999, while the United States took in 85,010 for resettlement, according to the UNHCR. New Zealand, which is 30 times smaller than Japan, accepted 1,140 refugees in 1999. Just 305 persons were recognized as refugees by Japan from 1981, when Japan ratified the U.N. Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, to 2002.Former Prime Minister Taro Aso called Japan a "one race" nation
Racism is still a fact of life in South Africa.The end of Apartheid might have removed the legal framework allowing institutionalised racism, but racism in South Africa both predates and encompasses more than just the institutionalised racism of apartheid.
The Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI) published reports documenting racism in Israel, and the 2007 report suggested that racism in the country was increasing.One analysis of the report summarized it: "Over two-thirds Israeli teen believe Arabs to be less intelligent, uncultured and violent. Over a third of Israeli teens fear Arabs all together....The report becomes even grimmer, citing the ACRI's racism poll, taken in March 2007, in which 50% of Israelis taking part said they would not live in the same building as Arabs, will not befriend, or let their children befriend Arabs and would not let Arabs into their homes."The 2008 report from ACRI says the trend of increasing racism is continuing.
Between April and June 1994, an estimated 800,000 Rwandans were killed in the space of 100 days.Most of the dead were Tutsis - and most of those who perpetrated the violence were Hutus.
Even for a country with such a turbulent history as Rwanda, the scale and speed of the slaughter left its people reeling.Tension between the Hutus and Tutsi still exist today where even a mention of tribal talk can lead to arrest.
A research article published in 2011 indicated that 63.7% of Brazilians believe that race interferes with the quality of life. For the majority of the 15,000 interviewed, the difference between white people's life and nonwhite's is evident.
Results conducted in 2008 supposedly show that people are not surprised about this difference—although a large percentage of the population is black or has black ancestry, they represented no more than 8% of the 513 chosen representatives in the last election year. The salary of Whites in Brazil are, on average, 46% over the salary of Blacks. This difference might be explained by differences in education.
Of those earning less than minimum wage, 63% are Black and 34% are White.Of the richest Brazilians, 11% are Black and 85% are White.In a survey conducted in 2000, 93% of respondents acknowledged that there is racial prejudice in Brazil, but 87% of those same respondents claimed that they felt no racial prejudice.This indicates that Brazilians recognize that there is racial inequality, but prejudice is not a prevalent issue; it is seen as the remnants of slavery. According to Ivanir dos Santos (the former Justice Ministry's specialist on race affairs), "There is a hierarchy of skin color where blacks appear to know their place."
Racism in Russia appears mainly in the form of negative attitudes and actions by Russians towards people who are not considered ethnically Russian. Traditionally, this included antisemitism, as well as hostility towards various ethnicities of Caucasus and Central Asia.The director of the Moscow Bureau for Human Rights, Alexander Brod, stated that surveys show xenophobia and other racist expressions are prevalent in 50 percent of Russians. In 2006, Amnesty International reported that racism in Russia was “out of control” and estimated the number of Russian neo-Nazis at around 85,000 in 2008.
In the 1980s, the wave of immigrants into Germany were the Asylbewerber (Asylum Seekers) from war torn and conflicted areas such as Iraq, Morocco, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Argentina and Lebanon among others. Germany was not prepared and in denial of being a land of migration since at least the 1960s when the first children were being born to Gastarbeiter. By the 2000s, an estimated 3 to 5 million Turks lived in Germany, concentrated in Kreuzberg, Berlin and inner-cities or industrial urban areas in the western regions.
Despite the 1950s immigrants of European origin adapting to German culture, it proved to be a different case for Turks and other non-Europeans who held on a cultural identity held to be "exotic" and "alien" by some Germans from that of their own.A failed integration of the first generation and failed German planning assisted in a general sense of not-belonging and the development of ghetto neighborhoods, creating and enabling racism.
In November 2010, Chancellor Angela Merkel publicly remarked that multiculturalism in Germany has failed. Many Germans criticized her bold move to break a previously held post-WWII taboo on even peacefully expressing an opposition to multiculturalism in a racially diverse Germany, where a fifth (18–19%) of Germans in 2010 are foreign-born. More conservatives are openly questioning the tolerance of immigrants and their behavior.[citation nee
The United Kingdom, like most countries, has experienced and inflicted racism against various groups at various times in its history. In the Dark Ages, some historians believe that the Anglo-Saxon invaders lived segregated from the Celts who they ruled over. The British Empire exploited black Africans for the Transatlantic slave trade before abolishing it and pressuring other countries to do so. Since the end of the empire, the relations between non-white immigrant groups and indigenous Britons have resulted in cases of race riots and racist murder perpetrated by extremists of all races.
Police forces in the United Kingdom have been accused of institutionalised racism since the late 20th century. A stand which many[who?] believe is the catalyst for the 2011 summer riot. During the riot, a Metropolitan Police officer, PC Alex MacFarlane,arrested and attempted strangling an African origin male and used racial words like 'nigger' and 'black cunt' on him. The case was referred to UK Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) who declined bringing charges against the officers involved. The CPS reconsidered their decision after being threatened by the victim's lawyer to escalate the case to a high court. On March 31, 2012, it was announced the victim has presented a taped recording of the recorded abuses from the police.